Neuron type classification in rat brain based on integrative convolutional and tree-based recurrent neural networks.
IF: 4.996
Cited by: 3


The study of cellular complexity in the nervous system based on anatomy has shown more practical and objective advantages in morphology than other perspectives on molecular, physiological, and evolutionary aspects. However, morphology-based neuron type classification in the whole rat brain is challenging, given the significant number of neuron types, limited reconstructed neuron samples, and diverse data formats. Here, we report that different types of deep neural network modules may well process different kinds of features and that the integration of these submodules will show power on the representation and classification of neuron types. For SWC-format data, which are compressed but unstructured, we construct a tree-based recurrent neural network (Tree-RNN) module. For 2D or 3D slice-format data, which are structured but with large volumes of pixels, we construct a convolutional neural network (CNN) module. We also generate a virtually simulated dataset with two classes, reconstruct a CASIA rat-neuron dataset with 2.6 million neurons without labels, and select the NeuroMorpho-rat dataset with 35,000 neurons containing hierarchical labels. In the twelve-class classification task, the proposed model achieves state-of-the-art performance compared with other models, e.g., the CNN, RNN, and support vector machine based on hand-designed features.

MeSH terms

Machine Learning
Models, Neurological
Neural Networks, Computer


Zhang, Tielin
Zeng, Yi
Zhang, Yue
Zhang, Xinhe
Shi, Mengting
Tang, Likai
Zhang, Duzhen
Xu, Bo

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