Discovering myeloid cell heterogeneity in the lung by means of next generation sequencing.
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The lung plays a vital role in maintaining homeostasis, as it is responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Pulmonary homeostasis is maintained by a network of tissue-resident cells, including epithelial cells, endothelial cells and leukocytes. Myeloid cells of the innate immune system and epithelial cells form a critical barrier in the lung. Recently developed unbiased next generation sequencing (NGS) has revealed cell heterogeneity in the lung with respect to physiology and pathology and has reshaped our knowledge. New phenotypes and distinct gene signatures have been identified, and these new findings enhance the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases. Here, we present a review of the new NGS findings on myeloid cells in lung development, homeostasis, and lung diseases, including acute lung injury (ALI), lung fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer.


Spatial Transcriptomics
Acute lung injury
Lung cancer
Lung development
Lung disease
Single-cell RNA sequencing

MeSH terms

Epithelial Cells
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Lung Diseases
Myeloid Cells
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Sequence Analysis, RNA


Ji, Jing-Jing
Fan, Jie

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