Imaging cells, nuclei, and DNA in their natural spatial contexts and configurations is challenging yet required to understand the biology of genome organization, maintenance, and transmission. Live-cell imaging allows capturing dynamic changes of chromosomes in their nuclear and cellular context but lacks resolution. In contrast, imaging of fixed, spread chromosome samples provides unmatched resolution but potentially distorts configurations and spatial relations. Fixed whole-mount samples preserve chromosome configurations and cellular contexts and allow high-resolution imaging. Importantly the latter method allows simultaneous visualization of specific genomic regions (via fluorescent in situ hybridization-FISH) and proteins (via immune-localization using antibodies or tags). Here we present an advanced "whole-mount immuno-FISH" (WhoMI-FISH) method based on the published protocol by Bey Till et al. (Methods Mol Biol 1675:467-480, 2018) specifically optimized for pollen mother cells (PMCs) of Arabidopsis thaliana. It focuses on (1) specimen preparation that maintains meiocyte nuclei positions and genome organization in anthers and also on (2) simultaneous detection of specific genomic regions and meiotic proteins.