Spatial metagenomic characterization of microbial biogeography in the gut.
IF: 68.164
Cited by: 86


Spatial structuring is important for the maintenance of natural ecological systems1,2. Many microbial communities, including the gut microbiome, display intricate spatial organization3-9. Mapping the biogeography of bacteria can shed light on interactions that underlie community functions10-12, but existing methods cannot accommodate the hundreds of species that are found in natural microbiomes13-17. Here we describe metagenomic plot sampling by sequencing (MaPS-seq), a culture-independent method to characterize the spatial organization of a microbiome at micrometer-scale resolution. Intact microbiome samples are immobilized in a gel matrix and cryofractured into particles. Neighboring microbial taxa in the particles are then identified by droplet-based encapsulation, barcoded 16S rRNA amplification and deep sequencing. Analysis of three regions of the mouse intestine revealed heterogeneous microbial distributions with positive and negative co-associations between specific taxa. We identified robust associations between Bacteroidales taxa in all gut compartments and showed that phylogenetically clustered local regions of bacteria were associated with a dietary perturbation. Spatial metagenomics could be used to study microbial biogeography in complex habitats.


Spatial Metagenomics
Spatial Genomics

MeSH terms

DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic
DNA, Bacterial
Gastrointestinal Microbiome
Genome, Bacterial
Microfluidic Analytical Techniques
RNA, Bacterial
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
Sequence Analysis, DNA


Sheth, Ravi U
Li, Mingqiang
Jiang, Weiqian
Sims, Peter A
Leong, Kam W
Wang, Harris H

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