ArrayExpress update - from bulk to single-cell expression data.
IF: 19.160
Cited by: 433


ArrayExpress ( is an archive of functional genomics data from a variety of technologies assaying functional modalities of a genome, such as gene expression or promoter occupancy. The number of experiments based on sequencing technologies, in particular RNA-seq experiments, has been increasing over the last few years and submissions of sequencing data have overtaken microarray experiments in the last 12 months. Additionally, there is a significant increase in experiments investigating single cells, rather than bulk samples, known as single-cell RNA-seq. To accommodate these trends, we have substantially changed our submission tool Annotare which, along with raw and processed data, collects all metadata necessary to interpret these experiments. Selected datasets are re-processed and loaded into our sister resource, the value-added Expression Atlas (and its component Single Cell Expression Atlas), which not only enables users to interpret the data easily but also serves as a test for data quality. With an increasing number of studies that combine different assay modalities (multi-omics experiments), a new more general archival resource the BioStudies Database has been developed, which will eventually supersede ArrayExpress. Data submissions will continue unchanged; all existing ArrayExpress data will be incorporated into BioStudies and the existing accession numbers and application programming interfaces will be maintained.


Gene Expression

MeSH terms

Databases, Genetic
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Single-Cell Analysis


Athar, Awais
Füllgrabe, Anja
George, Nancy
Iqbal, Haider
Huerta, Laura
Ali, Ahmed
Snow, Catherine
Fonseca, Nuno A
Petryszak, Robert
Papatheodorou, Irene
Sarkans, Ugis
Brazma, Alvis

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