Host-inherent variability influences the transcriptional response of Staphylococcus aureus during in vivo infection.
IF: 17.694
Cited by: 40


The rise of antibiotic resistance calls for alternative strategies to treat bacterial infections. One attractive strategy is to directly target bacterial virulence factors with anti-virulence drugs. The expression of virulence traits by pathogens is, however, not constitutive but rather induced by the level of stress encountered within the host. Here we use dual RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to show that intrinsic variability in the level of host resistance greatly affects the pathogen's transcriptome in vivo. Through analysis of the transcriptional profiles of host and pathogen during Staphylococcus aureus infection of two mouse strains, shown to be susceptible (A/J) or resistant (C57BL/6) to the pathogen, we demonstrate that the expression of virulence factors is dependent on the encountered host resistance. We furthermore provide evidence that this dependence strongly influences the efficacy of anti-virulence strategies, highlighting a potential limitation for the implementation of these strategies.


Gene Expression

MeSH terms

Anti-Bacterial Agents
Drug Resistance, Microbial
Host-Pathogen Interactions
Mice, Inbred C57BL
RNA, Bacterial
Sequence Analysis, RNA
Species Specificity
Staphylococcal Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
Transcription, Genetic
Virulence Factors


Thänert, Robert
Goldmann, Oliver
Beineke, Andreas
Medina, Eva

Recommend literature

Similar data