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Austrotaxus spicata
Austrotaxus spicata
Austrotaxus spicata

Wikipedia description

Austrotaxus spicata, the New Caledonia Yew or Southern Yew, is a species of yew, the sole species in the genus Austrotaxus. It is related to the other yews in the genera Taxus and Pseudotaxus.

It is endemic to New Caledonia, occurring in the central and northern parts of the island at 300-1,350 m altitude.

It is a coniferous shrub or small tree, reaching 5–20 m (rarely 25 m) tall with reddish bark. The leaves are lanceolate, flat, 8–12 cm long (up to 17 cm on young plants) and 4 mm broad, dark green above, with two paler green stomatal bands below; they are arranged spirally on the stem.

The seed cones are drupe-like, 20–25 mm long, with a fleshy aril almost completely surrounding the single seed, but with the tip of the seed exposed. The male (pollen) cones are 10–15 mm long, slender.

The markedly longer leaves and large seeds readily distinguish it from the yews in the genus Taxus.

Scientific classification

Clade: Conifers
Order: Pinales
Family: Taxaceae
Species: Austrotaxus spicata


Sample nameSample codeTissueRNA extractorSample providerBLASTSRA dataAssembly data
BTTS-Austrotaxus_spicataBTTS--J. Leebens-MackJ. Leebens-Mack