Tissues are an exciting frontier for bioanalytical chemistry, one in which spatial distribution is just as important as total content. Intact tissue preserves the native cellular and molecular organization and the cell-cell contacts found in vivo. Live tissue, in particular, offers the potential to analyze dynamic events in a spatially resolved manner, leading to fundamental biological insights and translational discoveries. In this Perspective, we provide a tutorial on the four fundamental challenges for the bioanalytical chemist working in living tissue samples as well as best practices for mitigating them. The challenges include (i) the complexity of the sample matrix, which contributes myriad interfering species and causes nonspecific binding of reagents; (ii) hindered delivery and mixing; (iii) the need to maintain physiological conditions; and (iv) tissue reactivity. This framework is relevant to a variety of methods for spatially resolved chemical analysis, including optical imaging, inserted sensors and probes such as electrodes, and surface analyses such as sensing arrays. The discussion focuses primarily on ex vivo tissues, though many considerations are relevant in vivo as well. Our goal is to convey the exciting potential of analytical chemistry to contribute to understanding the functions of live, intact tissues.